Veliko Tarnovo - Arbanassi
Veliko Tarnovo is the medieval capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, which was established in the heart of the Bulgaria. The houses, stacked one above the other, situated on the slopy hills of the town, show a remarkable, unique architectural style. Here are preserved the remains of the old fortress built around the banks of Yantra river. Several mediaeval churches connected with Bulgarian history can be seen as well. Arbanassi is classified as an "Architectural and Historical Reserve". The houses in the village of Arbanassi resemble fortresses on the outside and are artistically fashioned and beautifully decorated inside.
06:00 AM Departure from Sunny Beach Hotels. Panoramic trip across the Balkan Mountains 10:30 AM Arrival in Veliko Turnovo – the mediaeval capital of Bulgaria. Visit to Samovodene Market street with the opportunity to see the craftsmen at work. Visit to the historical Tsarevets Hill – a walk around the mediaeval fortress walls and palaces, witnesses of the old Bulgarian capital’s glory. 12:30 PM Lunch 14:00 PM Late afternoon visit to Arbanassi Architectural Reserve – a walk through the village and visit to Konstantsaliev’s House dating back to 17th century, a present-day ethnographic museum. Visit to the “Holy Mother of God” Monastery, founded during the period of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, treasuring the miraculous icon of the Virgin Mary. Stop at Liaskovets monastery. 17:00 PM Departure to Sunny Beach.
Includes: A/C transportation, lunch, museum and entrance fee, medical insurance, tour guiding
History of Veliko Tarnovo: It is one of the oldest settlements in Bulgaria, with a history of more than five millennia. The first traces of human presence, dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Veliko Tarnovo quickly become the strongest Bulgarian fortification between the 12th and 14th centuries. The city was described as "a very large city, handsome and surrounded by walls, with 12,000 to 15,000 inhabitants".
Arbanassi was founded in the late 15th century by Christians. The earliest written document that marks the beginning of Arbanasi's history is a royal decree by the Ottoman sultan from 1538, according to which the sultan offered the lands to his son-in-low as a gift. Arbanassi reached its economic blossoming between the second half of the 17th and the end of the 18th century. The village had over 1,000 houses at the time, its population consisting mostly of eminent merchant families who traded in Transylvania, Russia and Poland.